New Technology in Textiles

Philip Bart

August 4, 2022

Philip Bart Bruck Textiles

Whether you’re a designer or an avid shopper, you’ll soon be able to take advantage of new technology in textiles. These innovations include surface-sensitive processes, intelligent materials, and APP processing. Read on for more information! The production of textiles is already evolving as a result of new fabric technology. This article will cover some of the most exciting advances in textile design, from surface-sensitive processes to nanotechnology.

APP processing

APP processing in textiles can reduce energy and raw material consumption, produce less wastewater and improve the quality of finished products. New developments in the textile industry are aimed at conserving water. In this article, we examine the water requirement and utilization pattern of Indian textile industries and discuss the various water-conserving technologies available. Further, we discuss how these technologies can be applied in the textile industry. The present review will discuss the current water utilization patterns and their relation to equipment and processes.

Image processing is an effective method for analyzing data in various verticals. This process helps analyze different variables and offers an instrumental strategy for production and robust controls over material processes. This technology has applications in textile manufacturing, material assembly, material review, and surface assessment. Moreover, it is helpful for non-wovens.


In textile applications, nanotechnology can potentially improve materials’ properties. These materials can repel water, increase durability, resist stains, and have antimicrobial properties. The first generation of nano-enhanced textiles benefited from this technology. Medical materials can have antibacterial and UV-protective nanoparticle coatings. Nanotechnology in textiles also uses electronic nanotechnologies, drug release, and sensing.

While the field of nanotechnology is relatively new, it has already made significant contributions to the textile industry. The most promising applications of nanotechnology include improving fabric finishing and surface engineering. Surface engineering, alterations, and coating techniques can significantly improve the properties of textiles. These properties can make the material more durable and more comfortable. As a result, nanotechnology in textiles is proving to be an excellent option for textile manufacturing. This study outlines the most exciting recent applications for textile fibers.

Smart textiles

Smart textiles can identify radiation zones and change color to communicate with the human body. The best-known applications are photochromic T-shirts and umbrellas. But they can also be used in other applications, such as medical monitoring systems. For instance, baby apparel can monitor a fever based on color changes. It can also recognize body temperature and send emergency medical help. And while this is just one example, there are many others.

In the late ’80s, smart textiles were introduced to the world textile industry. Since then, their application has increased by a thousandfold. Examples of perfect innovative textile applications include self-cleaning carpets, temperature-regulating suits, and even shoes. These textiles have affected almost every primary sector. They are now available for sportswear, bio-medical textiles, and protective clothing. For these reasons, the book focuses on intelligent materials.

Surface-sensitive processes

Fabric manufacture uses surface-sensitive textile methods. Among these processes are photocatalyzed self-cleaning and superhydrophobic surfaces. Several applications of superhydrophobic textiles include oil-water separation, UV-shielding, and self-cleaning. In addition, intelligent textile materials possess additional functions such as UV-shielding, self-cleaning and asymmetric response.

Surface-sensitive processes in textiles are essential for meeting the goals of sustainability, chemical safety, high performance, and cost-effectiveness. One promising approach involves implementing pH-sensitive dyes on fibrous materials. This study used a plasma-assisted sol-gel coating technique to prepare a poly(ethylene terephthalate) textile surface. The coupling agent was 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane.

Water droplets wet cotton fabric quickly, and their critical surface tension is around 200 dyne/cm. Fluorocarbons reduce surface tension and make cotton water-repellent. Using these methods, we can achieve better results than without these processes. But we cannot overlook the fact that the process of dyeing textiles is an expensive and time-consuming one.